This type of fusebox has not been made for several decades. However many homes still have examples like this.
The front panel and fuse cover are made from heavy duty brown plastic. The fuse cover is secured with a single fixing screw, and the main switch can be seen to the right of the fuse cover.
Some of the fuses have been removed to show the plastic shields behind. The wooden frame is clearly visible, and note that there is no back to the fusebox.
When new, this was considered a large fusebox. Smaller houses would have 3 or 4 fuses only - sockets, lights and cooker.
Note that the holes in each shield are different sizes. Larger rating shields have longer slots, to prevent larger fuses being inserted into smaller rated shields.
In this photograph, all of the fuses, carriers and covers have been removed. The live and neutral supply is connected to the terminals at the top right (neutral on the left, live on the right). The live busbar can be seen along the bottom of the fuse carrier positions.
The frame of the box is wood, and has two large fixing holes to secure it to the wall. Typically, these boxes would be mounted onto a plywood panel, so when installed, the back of the box was also wood.
The neutral bar has 6 terminals, one for each of the fuseways. Note that the Earth bar (top left) only has 4 terminals. This is because when this type of box was in common use, lighting circuits typically did not have any earth connections.
You can see the chisel marks where the wood has been cut away.
The plastic shield shown here is a very old type. These are all made from brown plastic with a painted edge to indicate the rating (red in this case). Newer types were moulded from coloured plastic.
The fuses have two coloured spots to indicate the rating. Red being 30A. Other types were 5A White, 15A Blue, 20A Yellow.
The coloured spots are actually holes where the terminal fixing screws are. Should the coloured filler fall out, live parts are exposed, creating a very dangerous situation.
This shows the fusebox with all of the fuses removed. Although the front panel is still attached, this still presents a significant danger. When the main switch is ON, the lower row of terminals is live.
Without shields, all of the fuse positions are identical. Any rating could be fitted to any position, although it was usual to install higher ratings nearest to the main switch on the right.
Each fuse position is rated to a maximum of 30A, and the whole box to 60A. Although more recent 40A and 45A devices will physically fit, these must NOT be installed, as they will lead to overheating and damage.
The front panel has a moulded Wylex logo at the top right. Each fuse position is numbered 1-6, with 1 nearest the main switch. The wording 'Switch off before removing or replacing fuses' is moulded into the plastic just above the fuse positions. This is because removing a fuse with the circuit live will cause sparking at the terminals. Inserting a fuse onto a faulty circuit will cause the fusewire to vaporise. The molten copper vapour sprays out of the top and bottom of the fuse, right where your fingers are holding it.